History and Stamps

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The history Malaysia (British crown colony Straits Settlements (1826), Malayan states , British patronage (Sabah), the Japanese Invasion of the Malayan Peninsula in the second World War (Malaya 1942) and Federation one finds Malaya (1957) again on numerous stamps.
At 31.08.1957 the independence of Great Britain was carried out and this one founded himself in 1963 new Federation – today’s Malaysia. The first stamp expenditure was published in the new Federation, still showed the inscription “Malayan federation”.

Malacca 1826″ – Along with Penang and Singapore, Melaka is incorporated into the Straits Settlement.
-> 1942 Japanese occupation
-> 1945 BMA
-> 1946 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

-> 1948 Penang 1826 – Along with Malacca and Singapore, Penang is incorporated into the Straits Settlements

-> 1941 Japanese occupation
-> 1945 BMA
-> 1946 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

(Stamp list -> 1948)
Penang’s Changing Role in the Straits Settlements, 1826 – 1946 – Straits Settlements 186 British colony
The real stamp history of Malaysia begins with the Straits Settlements, which was the name of a collection of British colonies in the area. The first Straits Settlements stamps were issued on 1867, when the colonies were finally under direct control of London, instead of Britain´s Office in Calcutta. (1867 India Stamp with “East India Postage” – overprinted “EIGHT CENTS” for use in the Straits Settlements.
Also in 1867, the first stamps actually inscribed for the Straits Settlements were issued. There are overprints of these stamps for Johore,Perak, Selangor, Sungei Ujong.

The Straits Settlements (Malay:Negeri-negeri Selat) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia. Originally established in 1826 as part of the territories controlled by the British East India Company, the Straits Settlements came under direct British control as a Crown colony on 1 April 1867. The colony was dissolved in 1946 as part of the British reorganisation of its Southeast Asian dependencies following the end of the Second World War.

The Straits Settlements consisted of the four individual settlements of Malacca, Dinding, Penang (also known as Prince of Wales Island) and Singapore (with Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands.). The island of Labuan, off the coast ofBorneo, was also incorporated into the colony with effect from 1 January 1907, becoming a separate settlement within it in 1912. With the exception of Singapore, Christmas Island, and the Cocos Islands, these territories now form part of Malaysia. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Link: A History of the Malay Peninsula – The Straits Settlements
Sarawak 1869 Sultanate
Book: History of Sarawak stamps, 1869-1963, L. H. Shipman
Book: The postage stamps of Sarawak 1869-1906, Fred J. Melville, Sarawak 1888 British protectorate

-> 1942 North Borneo (Japanese occupation)
Sarawak 1946
-> 1946 British colony
-> 1963 Sarawak, North Borneo, Singapore, Federation of Malaya joined to form Malaysia
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Johore 1876 Sultanate
-> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Perak 1876 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Selangor 1876 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Sungei Ujong 1878-1895 -> British protectorate
Seremban was originally founded as Sungei Ujong (or Sungai Ujong), named after a nearby river of the same name. While the town was renamed Serem
ban thereafter, the Sungai Ujong name most prominently persists as a street name for a road adjoining the southern side of town (Sungai Ujong Road, or Jalan Sungai Ujong).

Sungei Ujong, SU, S.U., S. UJONG  (overprint on stamps of Strait Settlements),

– Sultanat unter britischem Schutz
– 1895 erfolgt der Anschluß an das Sultanat Negeri Sembilan
ISSUES of the QUEEN VICTORIA REIGN (September 1874 – October 1895)

Labuan 1879       
Since the 15th century, the north and west coast of Borneo including the island of Labuan was part of the Bruneian Empire. In the 18th century, Labuan attracted British interest. James Brooke acquired the island for Britain in 1846 through a treaty with the Sultan of Brunei, Omar Ali Saifuddin II on 18 December 1846. A British naval officer, Rodney Mundy visited Brunei with his ship HMS Iris to keep the Sultan in line until the British Government made a final decision to take the island and he took Pengiran Mumin to witness the island’s accession to the British Crown on 24 December 1846. Some sources state that during the signing of the treaty, the Sultan had been threatened by a British navy warship ready to fire on the Sultan’s palace if he refused to sign the treaty while another source says the island was ceded to Britain as a reward for assistance in combating pirates.

The main reason why the British possessed the island was to protect their own interest in the region as a naval base and to suppress Piracy in the South China Sea. The British also believed the island could be the next Singapore. The island became a Crown Colony in 1848 with James Brook appointed as the first governor and commander in chief, with William Napier as his lieutenant-governor. In 1849, the Eastern Archipelago Company became the first of several British companies to try to exploit Labuan coal deposits. The company was formed to exploit coal deposits on the island and adjacent coast of Borneo but soon became involved in a dispute with James Brooke. Not proving itself a great commercial or strategic asset, administration of Labuan was handed to the British North Borney Company in 1890.

North Borneo Administation
-> 1907 Straits Settlements
-> 1942 North Borneo (Japanese occupation)

North Borneo 1883
North Borneo Company
North Borneo 1888-1893 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 North Borneo (Japanese occupation)

Pahang 1889 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Federated Malay States 1896
British protectorate Pahang, Perak, Negri Sembilan, Selangor

Negri Sembilan 1891 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Trengganu 1910 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Kelantan 1911 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Perlis 1911 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Kedah 1912 -> British protectorate
-> 1942 Malaya
-> 1945 Union of Malaya
-> 1948 Federation of Malaya
-> 1963 Federation of Malaysia

Malaya Postal Union 1935 (UPU)
The Universal Postal Union (UPU) was formed in 1874 and is the primary means of cooperation between postal services of all the nations of the world. Malaysia joined the Postal Union 17.01.1958 as Federation of Malaysia.

specialized literature:
Len Stanway, Malaysia and The Federation of Malaya – their stamps and postal stationery (The Malaya Study Group 2010) Volume 1: Malayan Union postage due labels from 1936 onwards, Volume 2

Malaya and the Colour Scheme of the Universal Postal Union (Part 1&2)
Rob Holley, G.S.M. January 2011

Mai 2015 – The Website Singapore 2015 – The World Stamp Exhibition present “The Colour Scheme of the Universal Postal Union and its effect on Postal Stationery Post Cards issued by the Federated Malay States

Malaya 1942 Japanese occupatio

Federated Malay States (Pahang, Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan)
Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, Trengganu
The Japanese invasion of Malaya and Singapore was swift and decisive putting the British rulers into a light previously never seen. The Japanese had already subjected the Chinese to invasion and many atrocities, Malaya’s and Singapore’s poplulation were constituted from a large number of Chinese. Britain was already in dispute with Japan. This is the story of the invasion. http://www.myfareast.org/japindex.htm

Malaya 1943-1945  Thai occupation Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, Pahang, Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, Trengganu
Link: Japanese occupation of Malaya

Malaya 1945 (BMA)
British military administration (BMA)

North Borneo 1942 Japanese occupation Labuan, North Borneo (British protectorate), Sarawak (British protectorate)
Stamps 1942-45
Stamps 1945

British military administation (BMA) Labuan, North Borneo, Sarawak
The British Military Administration of Malaya (BMA) was the interim administrator of post-World War II British Malaya between September 1945 and April 1946. It assument full judicial, legislative, executive and administrative powers throughout Malaya, with Lord Louis Mountbatten becoming the director of the military administration. Major-General Ralph Hone was assigned the position of Chief Civil Affairs Officier, responsible for the Peninsula, while other positions being filled by professional soldiers and former European civil servants who had joined the army during the war. Singapore was made the headquarters of the British Governor-General in Southeast asia. On 1 April 1946 the British Military Administration of Malaya was dissolved and was replaced by the Malayan Union. Singapore however was separated from the confederation and made a crown colony in its own right.

Link: EARLY MALAYA
Stamps 1946

British North Borneo – British colony Labuan, North Borneo
-> 1963 Sabah -> Federation of Malaysia

Union of Malaya 1946
British colony Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, Trengganu

1948 British protectorate
-> 1957 Independent Federation
-> 1963 Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak join Malaya to form the Malaysian Federation

The Federation of Malaya comprised the nine states of Johore,  Kedah,  Kelantan, Negri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, Trengganu and the Settlements of Penang and Malacca – united as the Federation of Malaya. A few stamps were issued during this time. Some were inscribed with the English name of the federation, while some used the Malay version, Persekutuan Tanah Malayu. In 1957 the Malayan Federation became independent and Tunku Abdul Rahman its first prime minister. Malaya joined the Federation of Malaysia in 1963

Stamps Malacca
Stamps Penang
Stamps Perlis
Stamps Singapore
In 1945, Singapore was divided from the rest of Malaya.

Federation of Malaysia 1963
Federal States: Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Negri Sembilan, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Trengganu, (Singapore)
-> Singapore officially became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following its merger with the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and North Borneo (Sabah) to form the Federation of Malaysia.
-> 1965 Singapore Republic

Stamps of the Federal States: use our land map

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